How do I create a lease without triggering CGT or SDLT?

How do I create a lease without triggering CGT or SDLT?

8:08 AM, 14th May 2021, About 3 years ago 16

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Hi, My partner and I (not married) have developed a pair of semi-detached properties that we owned jointly in personal names and converted into 5 flats. We are now selling off 4 of the flats.

My question is because I have been advised that the leasehold of the flats can not be in the same name as the freehold of the building how do I create a lease so that we can raise a mortgage on the remaining flat that we rent out without incurring CGT or SDLT?

Many thanks

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Kate Mellor

4:26 AM, 16th May 2021, About 3 years ago

Reply to the comment left by Christopher Rogal at 15/05/2021 - 15:54
In that case you are doing exactly what we did, as we were simply wishing to remortgage.

Our then lender, Yorkshire Bank, was leaving the property business and was pulling our loan and there wasn’t at the time a viable alternative to remortgaging the whole development. Nowadays I’d go to Paragon and simply remortgage using a single loan.

So yes, just draft up all the leases showing your landlord as the company and the leaseholders as you and your partner and a transfer of the freehold.

Our solicitor at no time perceived that this wasn’t perfectly ordinary and there was never any thought of any CGT being due on the transfer.

The TR1 form showed the value of the transfer as being £1000 and that is the relevant information as far as CGT is concerned.

You’re overthinking it. If it worked the way you are suggesting your transaction would look like this.

1) Transfer full freehold site to company, pay CGT & SDLT & solicitors fees
2) Create leases and transfer individually back to yourselves, pay solicitors fees for four transactions plus CGT & SDLT on the transfers.

It doesn’t work that way, so stop worrying. It will also be a far simpler process for you because it sounds as though you don’t have lenders involved to complicate things. If you are planning on later selling individual flats it is definitely advisable to get this process done up front as you are thinking of doing.

Christopher Rogal

9:55 AM, 16th May 2021, About 3 years ago

Reply to the comment left by Kate Mellor at 16/05/2021 - 04:26
Thanks Kate, that’s very helpful information.


20:09 PM, 18th May 2021, About 3 years ago

Thanks all for your comments (ps Bernie you wrote the leases for me). Having reread my question I realise my mistake was saying we were selling 4 flats it should have read we have sold ( completed) on 4 flats and therefore the remaining flat and freehold are still in personal names. At the time we completed the project we were advise as is being mentioned that if we transfered the freehold into a ltd co it would trigger SDLT and CGT and also the existing mortgage was a hurdle. So it was kept in our personal names as a property we had long held and therefore was never purchased as a development in a LTD Co as I would today.
So I find that now not wanting to sell the remaining flat but wanting to mortgage it who do I create a lease to make the flat Mortgageable without triggering CGT & SDLT My thoughts are lease in my partners name with 50% beneficial interest to me so we are still equal owners but I am not sure even this would not trigger taxes, Or sell the freehold to a ltd co but this I believe would require me offering it to the other flat owners first ? and how do you calculate what price would i have to offer it to them at ?


20:26 PM, 18th May 2021, About 3 years ago

Reply to the comment left by Kate Mellor at 16/05/2021 - 04:26
Great strategy ! Shame I did not know about this one before all our leases were written/transfered
Thanks Sean

Kate Mellor

2:00 AM, 19th May 2021, About 3 years ago

Reply to the comment left by gerosean at 18/05/2021 - 20:26
What about remortgaging with Paragon? They will (I believe), lend with the flat being freehold.

If you change the freehold ownership you will potentially have implications with the existing leases which show you as the freeholders. I’m not sure whether that would raise any issues or not, but I’d want to check. Is the transfer equal to a sale?

I would still think you can split your titles without paying CGT or SDLT, but as you have a lender you would almost certainly need to do it on completion of your remortgage. It’s still the same thing that we did, only with just one lease.

Think of it like this, you split the freehold and leasehold titles onto two separate title numbers. Both are in the same names. No transfer has taken place, but you have split the titles (step 1). You then have a freehold title with very little value. You then transfer the freehold title into a company name (step 2). Goal accomplished and no CGT or SDLT payable.

Your current lender may even allow you to do this now for a fee. They will certainly require security over the freehold as well. I imagine you’d need to arrange this through an intermediary who has access to more senior members of the lending team. Consumers don’t tend to have as much flexibility as business borrowers.

Effectively this is what you’re doing when you split the titles on completion, you’re just skipping a paperwork step. Neither our solicitor nor our accountant had any issues with it or suggested it would produce a tax liability, so if that’s what you’re being told then question it.

Kate Mellor

2:04 AM, 19th May 2021, About 3 years ago

Reply to the comment left by gerosean at 18/05/2021 - 20:09
There are lease value calculators online.

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