16:14 PM, 27th October 2011, About 11 years ago
A key skill for landlords is knowing how to work out whether an investment is profitable.
Yield is the tool that gives the required result – it is worked out by taking the rent received on a property in a tax year as a percentage of the cost of the investment.
For buy to let landlords, that simple calculation gives the gross yield – that’s without taking running costs in to account.
For example, an average home costs around £165,000, while average rents are around £713 per month.
The yield is calculated by taking the annual rent (12 x £713) of £8,556 and dividing by £165,000 to leave a percentage of 5.18%.
That figure is the gross yield, while the net yield takes account fees and running costs.
Buying costs such as stamp duty, legal and valuation charges are fees; repairs, maintenance, service charges and buildings insurance are running costs.
Net yield is income less running costs divided by property value.
Yields have three uses for a property investor:
Take an investor with £100,000 cash – the yield in a savings account paying a net rate of 2.5% after tax is 2.5% while a house generating £600 rent a month has a yield of 7.2%.
A good time to run yield calculations is at the end of a tax year when all the income and outgoing figures are available.