Did you know, there are currently 15 countries where UK landlords can get a special visa to live for a year or more, pay no tax in those countries, and potentially benefit from significantly lower taxation in the UK?
The above could be very appealing, especially if you can find a way to run your property rental business from a distance and you face large CGT bills on properties you’re looking to sell, or if you operate your rental property business through a Limited Company and take most of your income in the form of dividends. That’s because HMRC only tax UK residents on dividend income, they don’t apply dividend tax to non-residents. Furthermore, HMRC charge CGT on any capital gains made prior to April 2015 on property investments for non-residents, so if you have large capital gains that were accrued before 2015 you could discover that the tax savings you could make will pay for a very long holiday.
What are these special visas called?
They are known as “Digital Nomad visas” or ‘Temporary Residence Permits’.
What is a Digital Nomad?
This is a modern term for a person who is able to run their business from any location with a decent internet and telephone signal.
Is it really doable?
The answer is a resounding YES from me. I’ve been living this lifestyle for over seven years now!
Some countries offer these visas for free, others charge a few hundred pounds and I have yet to come across any that charges over £1,000.
Why are so many countries offering these tax breaks?
Many countries suffered a severe drop in tourism revenue from the ongoing Covid-19 pandemic. As a response to this drop in tourism countries began actively targeting high net-worth individuals who could work from anywhere with a decent internet connection. The thought was that is better to have one tourist staying 12 months than 26 tourists staying 2 weeks, especially with all the travel regulations.
Working from home became the new normal during the pandemic and this made it easier to switch countries as well and work remotely. A new class of potentially nomadic high-net-worth people appeared and they were actively targeted with this new visa class. Almost all visas of this nature come with a minimum income requirement, but they are much lower than you might think.
Homeschooling and online schooling have become more socially acceptable since the Covid-19 pandemic, allowing more families to be targeted.
Tax revenues, mainly VAT, import duties, and application fees from high-spending individuals can help the governments’ budgets. Healthcare and social costs in the host country are unaffected because conditions of the visa include medical insurance and no ability to claim benefits of any kind.
Reversing a long-term brain drain. There are plenty of countries that have suffered from brain drain, where highly educated people leave the country to work elsewhere.
52 countries offer visas of this type but some have more advantageous tax schemes than others. There are 15 countries that charge no tax at all over and above the taxation the UK continues to apply whether you are a resident or not, e.g. tax on personal rental income, your share of UK Partnership profits and CGT on capital gains post-2015.
How easy is it to become a non-resident landlord?
It’s actually much easier than you might think.
Step 1 – the most difficult thing is to find a UK based team of people you trust enough to do the things you can’t do from abroad, and then to decide where your post will be redirected to
Step 2 – find a country or several countries that you would like to visit that offer these types of visas and apply. The process is quite straight forward.
Step 3 – apply for ‘Digital Nomad’ Visa’s in those countries
Step 4 – Decide what to do with your UK home. Options include; lock up and leave, sell or let.
Step 5 – visit your first country of choice and rent a place to live
Step 6 – file NRL1 forms with HMRC to declare yourself non-resident
Step 7 – make sure your Accountant knows you are non-resident and files your tax returns accordingly. It’s also important you keep your Accountant updated with any address changes
Where are those 15 tax-free countries?
In alphabetical order they are: –
How long can I stay in these countries for?
All of the countries listed above will consider granting a visa for up to a year and many of these will extend. However, there’s nothing to stop you from hopping around a few countries or even all 52 of them offering these via’s if you’re so inclined.
Where can I learn more?
Property118 tax consultants are able to provide you with further details of 52 countries offering these types of visas, together with their key features, qualification terms, and costs.