Optimal Tax Planning Strategies

Optimal Tax Planning Strategies

19:38 PM, 27th October 2016, About 8 years ago

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If you pay more than £20,000 a year in mortgage interest we DEFINITELY need to talk.Landlord Tax OUCH

We also need to talk if your mortgage interest plus your rental profits and any other taxable income including salary and/or dividends exceeds £45,000 a year.


Because you are going to be paying more tax, possibly A LOT MORE TAX unless you restructure your business, and some of the solutions available need to be implemented RIGHT NOW for maximum benefit.

There isn’t a ‘one size fits all’ tax strategy and that’s why I provide bespoke consultations to help point you in the right direction. I do not replace your accountants, I work with them.

I am so confident that I can identify tax savings, my consultations now come with a total satisfaction guarantee. If I can’t direct you to tax savings over the next year of more than I charge for a consultation I will refund fees paid in full.

My reports are written tactfully so that you can show them to your accountant for review, discussion and implementation of strategies. I only recommend moving to another accountant in the most extreme cases.

When you book a consultation I will write to you to advise you what information I need. On receipt of this information I will then prepare a bespoke report for your consideration and arrange a 30 minute follow up call to answer any questions you may have.

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Please visit the book a tax planning consultation page to book your consultation!

What is the CAUSE of the problem?

The primary cause is the legislation created by George Osborne – Section 24 of The Finance Act (No.2) 2015. Mr Osborne is no longer the Chancellor of the Exchequer but his legacy lives on. If you are a partnership or a sole trader, the outcome of his legislation is that you will not be able to offset your mortgage interest against rental income. This is being phased in over a four year period from April 2017. You will receive a tax credit of 20% of your disallowed mortgage interest but if your total taxable income (including mortgage interest) exceeds the threshold for basic rate taxation then you WILL pay more tax unless you restructure. Below is a very typical example.


Clarke is 48 years old. He earns £43,000 from his day job which is equal to the basic rate tax threshold of £43,000. He  decided 17 years ago to invest into property as a means to fund his retirement. He has since managed to build a portfolio of 16 rental properties which produce rental income of £160,000 a year. Out of this he spends £55,000 a year maintaining them to perfection for the benefit of his tenants, he’s the model landlord. He also spends another £58,000 a year on mortgage interest, leaving him with profits of £47,000 on which he pays tax at the higher rate.  His accountant has advised him that the tax on his portfolio will be £18,800 leaving him £28,200 which he had planned to invest into the purchase of another property. Until very recently Clarke thought he wouldn’t be affected by the scheduled tax changes but now he knows differently. This is how the tax changes will affect Clarke if nothing else changes.

Clarke Tax Example

Will you have a PROBLEM?

You will be unaffected if the beneficial interest in your properties is held in a limited company. However, transferring your properties into a company often triggers CGT, Stamp Duty and a need to refinance. There are solutions but they require very careful planning.

You will also be unaffected if you have no mortgages or other finance costs.

Further considerations

Effective tax planning entails utilising all available tax breaks legislation provides. Nobody in their right mind wants to pay more tax than they are supposed to pay, but not everybody knows how to go about optimising their tax position or even the existence of many forms of tax relief available to them.

HMRC recently had a motto that “tax needn’t be taxing“. If that was their true goal, I’m afraid they failed!

I’ve been studying tax structures for landlords since I began my career in Financial services in 1987 but ever since the 2015 Summer Budget it has been my primary focus.

With the correct planning it may well be possible for you to restructure your property rental business, without any requirements to refinance or to pay capital gains tax or stamp duty. I’m not referring to loopholes or tax dodges but legislation designed to assist businesses which your average accountant might never consider to advise you about.

There are a number of restructuring options you may wish to consider and some may be more appropriate than others, for example:-

If you are married, the first level of tax planning to consider is a restructure of your income to optimise all available basic rate tax allowances with your spouse (currently £45,000 each) and then to purchase any further properties in a company. The tax changes to mortgage interest relief will only affect you if your total taxable income (including mortgage interest) exceeds £43,000 a year. The Chancellor of the Exchequer confirmed in the 2016 autumn statement that this figure will increase to £50,000 by the year 2020. Restructuring income between spouses is achieved by changing the percentage of beneficial ownership of your rental properties. It only costs £250 + VAT for each property to achieve this and does not necessitate refinancing.

A family partnership could enable you to allocate profits disproportionately to ownership and to allocate drawings disproportionately to profits. For example, if your adult children or parents help you in your business and pay less than higher rate tax you could consider making them partners. This can result in significantly lower tax bills as well as being a useful IHT planning tool. Furthermore, it’s a step towards incorporation.

Incorporation can wash out all capital gains to date. Also, companies are not affected by restrictions on finance cost relief. However, beware CGT, Stamp Duty (LBTT in Scotland) and refinancing costs when considering the transfer of your properties to a company. Under the right circumstances, however, all of these are avoidable.

When you book a consultation I will write to you to advise you what information I need. On receipt of this information I will prepare a bespoke report for your consideration and arrange a 30 minute follow up call to answer any questions you may have.

Please note that I do not promote “schemes”. Any guidance offered will point you (and your accountant) directly to legislation which can be used to your advantage.

I look forward to hearing from you.

Yours sincerely

Mark Alexander – founder of Property118.com

Tax Avoidance

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The law regarding tax planning was clarified nearly 80 years ago.

In 1936 a landmark legal case was heard in the House of Lords (Inland Revenue Commissioners v Duke of Westminster [ 1936 ] AC1 (HL)). The Duke of Westminster won the case. The judge, Lord Tomlin, stated:

“Every man is entitled if he can to arrange his affairs so that the tax attaching under the appropriate Acts is less than it otherwise would be. If he succeeds in ordering them so as to secure that result, then, however unappreciative the Commissioners of Inland Revenue or his fellow taxpayers may be of his ingenuity, he cannot be compelled to pay an increased tax.”


HMRC now has a very powerful weapon called General Anti Abuse Rules. It is GAAR which renders the vast majority of tax avoidance “schemes” as ineffective.

Beware any advice which may fall foul of DOTAS “Disclosure of Tax Avoidance Schemes”. The hallmarks are templated advice and confidentiality agreements. Such arrangements allow HMRC to call for repayment of all tax saved under an Accelerated Payment Notice “APN” whilst the “scheme” is being investigated. This can take years!

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